Built form – Density and infill


To reduce energy consumption, enhance liveability and urban amenity, much of the current focus of strategic land use planning is to promote a more compact urban form with more connected forms of development located alongside public transport and community services. These objectives are understood and supported by the development industry.

Despite the focus of strategic land use planning and adoption of ‘infill’ development targets, there remain a number of barriers to infill development, including fragmented ownership of land, community resistance and the failure to upgrade the capacity of infrastructure to support increased densities. Further, despite the shift in land use planning objectives, development controls have changed little and fail to recognise that denser forms of development carry significantly higher construction costs. Reform is also needed of the titling system to allow development forms to be more closely aligned with contemporary living choices.



The UDIA calls for:

  • A whole of Government (State and local government) approach to achieving strategic planning goals with appropriate incentives available to both local government and industry working to achieve density goals;
  • More effective development controls to support the delivery of infill and appropriately located high density development with greater recognition afforded to costs associated with higher density;
  • Effective integration of land use and built-form outcomes through a performance based assessment approach;
  • Greater flexibility in zoning and development controls to allow the delivery of product over time which is suited to market demand and also enable the delivery of more innovative and alternative product;
  • Strata titling reform and the introduction of community title and staged strata development to support contemporary lifestyle choices.